LEAP and Autism Ranking: Limited positive evidence

Children in class

LEAP (an acronym for Learning Experiences - An Alternative Program for Preschoolers and Parents) is a comprehensive, multi-component, educational programme in which small groups of autistic children are taught alongside a small number of typically developing children.

LEAP is based on the idea that autistic children will learn better in integrated settings alongside their typically developing peers provided that those peers have been taught how to help them.

LEAP aims to help children to reach their full potential so they are best able to benefit from mainstream education. The LEAP curriculum is designed to concentrate on the development of functional skills, independent play, social interaction, pre-academics, language skills and adaptive behaviour.

Each autistic child has an individually designed educational plan, which includes the mainstream curriculum, as well as specific, personalised objectives.

Our Opinion

There is a very small amount of high quality research evidence (two large, multi-site controlled trials) and a small amount of low quality research (six single-case design studies with three or more participants) into the use of LEAP for pre-school autistic children. 

This research suggests that LEAP may be an effective way to improve the social communication skills of some pre-school autistic children.

There is insufficient evidence to determine if LEAP provides any benefits in other areas (such as a reduction in repetitive and restricted behaviours, interests and activities) to pre-school autistic children.

There could be dangers if LEAP is applied without following the relatively strict guidance, specifically if it is confused with putting children into mainstream schools with little or no support.

There is a need for more research into LEAP which uses scientifically robust, experimental methodologies. That research should investigate whether LEAP is more or less effective than other comprehensive, multi-component, educational interventions (such as TEACCH), and which components of LEAP, if any, are more likely to benefit specific autistic individuals.


Please read our Disclaimer on Autism Interventions

16 Jun 2022
Last Review
01 Sep 2017
Next Review
01 Jan 2024