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Glossary Item Description
Bérard's Method

Bérard's Method is a specific form of auditory integration training invented by Guy Berard.


B-Active2  is the short name fo the Enjoy Being Physically Active by Walking Safely: A Leisure Education Program.


B-alanyl-L-histidine is another term for carnosine, which is a naturally occurring dipeptide i.e. molecule consisting of two amino acids, found in the human body.

Bach Flower Remedies

Bach flower remedies are a form of homeopathy in which flowers are steeped or boiled in water, the resulting tincture being diluted many times.

Balance Training

Balance training programmes consist of a series of exercises designed to improve the balance of the participants.


Barbiturates are in a class of drugs called anxiolytics which were used to treat feelings of anxiety or nervousness caused by stress or psychological problems.

Barnardo's Forward Steps Early Intervention Programme

Barnardo's Forward Steps Early Intervention Programme is a combined, multi-component programme designed for preschool children with autism and other communication difficulties.

Barnet Early Autism Model

The Barnet Early Autism Model (BEAM) is a comprehensive treatment model aimed at pre-school children on the autism spectrum.


BED is an acronym for the body ecology diet, which was originally created to treat systemic fungal infections.


Befriending is a scheme which encourages individuals to benefit from a one-to-one relationship with a volunteer befriender.

Behavior Analytic Instruction

Behavior analytic instruction is another term for applied behaviour analysis, a systematic way of observing someone's behaviour, identifying desirable changes in that behaviour and then using the most appropriate methods to make those changes.

Behaviour Momentum

Behaviour momentum is a strategy designed to to build a student’s “momentum” for following directions. 

Behavioural and Developmental Interventions for Specific Functions

Behavioural and developmental interventions for specific functions is a term we have created to describe a group of interventions which focus on one or more specific functions (such as communication) and which use one or more behavioural techniques.

Behavioural and Developmental Techniques

We use the term behavioural and developmental techniques to describe a wide range of individual techniques used within behavioural and developmental interventions.

Behavioural Intervention

Behavioural interventions are designed to encourage appropriate behaviour (such as getting dressed or talking to other people) and to discourage inappropriate behaviour (such as self harm or aggression towards others).

Behavioural phenotype

Behavioural phenotype is a characteristic pattern of motor, cognitive, linguistic and social abnormalities which is consistently associated with a biological disorder.

Behaviours of Concern

Behaviours of concern are any behaviours which are likely to cause significant harm to the individual or to his or her carers.


Belivon is a brand name for risperidone, an atypical antipsychotic.


Benzodiazepines are a form of anxiolytic drug, used to treat feelings of anxiety or nervousness caused by stress or psychological problems.


Benzatropine is an anticholinergic drug used to reduce the side effects of antipsychotic treatment, such as pseudoparkinsonism and dystonia.

About This Glossary

This glossary is designed to explain some of the jargon and gobbledygook used by some people when they talk about autism or research..

You may be able to find more information, including links to other parts of this website, by clicking on the title of an item.

If you know of any other items we should include in this section, please email info@informationautism.org.

Please note that we reserve the right not to include an item if we feel that it is not appropriate.


The fact that an intervention is listed in this glossary does not necessarily mean that we agree with its use. Nor does it necessarily mean that there is any scientifically valid or reliable evidence behind it.