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Glossary Item Description
Kampo Medicine

Kampo medicine is an ancient Japanese system of medicine that uses a wide variety of methods for diagnosing and treating many different medical conditions.

Kanner's Syndrome

Kanner's syndrome is another term for autistic disorder, which is a form of autism.

Kaplan Lenses

Kaplan lenses, another term for ambient prism lenses, are used to help improve ambient vision, the visual system related to spatial organisation.


Karate is a martial art which uses a variety of striking techniques, including punching, kicking, knee and elbow strikes.


KASPAR is a child-sized robot designed for use as a social mediator, encouraging and helping children with autism to interact and communicate with adults and other children.


Kata is a system of basic body positioning and movement exercises, as in karate or judo.


Keppra is a brand name for levetiracetam, a type of anticonvulsant, a group of drugs which aim to prevent or reduce the severity of seizures.


Ketipinor is a brand name for quetiapine, a type of antipsychotic drug sometimes used to treat challenging behaviours in people on the autism spectrum.

Keto Diet

Keto diet is another term for the ketogenic diet, a high fat, adequate protein, low carbohydrate diet designed to mimic many of the biochemical changes associated with prolonged starvation.


Ketoconazole is a type of antifungal medication sold under a variety of brand names including Nizoral.


Ketosis is a metabolic state which occurs when the liver converts fat into fatty acids and ketone bodies which can be used by the body for energy.

Keyhole Early Intervention

The Keyhole Early Intervention programme is a multi-component early intervention programme for preschool children with autism.

Klamath Weed

Klamath weed is another term for St. John's Wort, a plant used to treat a range of conditions including depression.


Klonopin is a brand name for clonazepam, a type of anticonvulsant, a group of drugs which aim to prevent or reduce the severity of seizures.


KONTAKT is the German name for the Frankfurt Social Skills Training progamme, a social skills group for children and adolescents on the autism spectrum.

About This Glossary

This glossary is designed to explain some of the jargon and gobbledygook used by some people when they talk about autism or research..

You may be able to find more information, including links to other parts of this website, by clicking on the title of an item.

If you know of any other items we should include in this section, please email info@informationautism.org.

Please note that we reserve the right not to include an item if we feel that it is not appropriate.


The fact that an intervention is listed in this glossary does not necessarily mean that we agree with its use. Nor does it necessarily mean that there is any scientifically valid or reliable evidence behind it.